Disciplines

FILTERS Women’s gymnastics Men’s gymnastics

WOMEN’S ARTISTIC GYMNASTICS

Women’s Artistic Gymnastics is the most popular and well known to the public of the seven gymnastics disciplines. The popularity of the sport of Artistic Gymnastics as it is known today, is largely due to the performances of Olga Korbut of the USSR at the 1972 Olympics, and of Nadia Comaneci, of Romania at the 1976 Olympics, in Montreal. Both Olga and Nadia captured the attention and imagination of girls all over the world, resulting in the most rapid growth of any sport in recent history. The reason for this popularity can most likely be chalked up to the ability of the sport to build upon the lively movements and grace of youth.

Women’s Artistic Gymnastics is an incredibly challenging sport, demanding strength, power, flexibility, agility, courage, and a combination of technical precision and artistic creativity. When these elements are mastered, the performances appear almost effortless and are riveting to watch.

The competition program of women’s artistic gymnastics includes vault, uneven bars, beam, and floor.

 

discipline_saut_femmeVAULT

The vaulting table requires clean and powerful movements that combine height and length with one or more rotations, ending with a well-controlled landing. The level of difficulty determines the value of a vault. Marks are also awarded for body control and the landing position. The approach run is 25 m and the table height is 125 cm.

discipline_barres_asymetriquesUNEVEN BARS

The uneven bars consist of two wooden or fibreglass bars, each resting on vertical supports of different heights. The lower bar is 1.61 m from the floor, while the upper bar is at 2.41 meters.

discipline_poutreBEAM

Perhaps the most dramatic piece of apparatus in women’s gymnastics is the beam, a band 10 cm wide and 5 m long, on which competitors perform daring exercises, while perched at 1.25 m above the floor. Routines must include a variety of acrobatic elements, such as jumps and leaps, turns, steps, combinations of walking and running steps, as well as wave and balance elements performed in a standing, sitting, or lying position. The gymnast must use the entire length of the apparatus, while expressing simultaneously elegance, flexibility, confidence, and self-control. The maximum required time for the beam exercise is 1 minute and 30 seconds.

discipline_femme_solFLOOR EXERCISE

While the competitor’s courage is tested on the beam, floor exercises are the gauge for skills and free expression. Accompanied by music, this performance is a blend of dance movements and a wide range of tumbling and acrobatic elements. The gymnastic or acrobatic elements vary according to the tempo, the mood or the direction taken over the 12 m x 12 m floor area. Individuality, originality, maturity, mastery, and artistic quality are the key ingredients for the highest score.

MEN’S ARTISTIC GYMNASTICS

The competition program of men’s artistic gymnastics consists of six apparatus: floor exercises, pommel horse, rings, vault, parallel bars, and the horizontal bar.

discipline_sol_hommeFLOOR EXERCISE

Floor exercises are performed on a 12×12 m mat without musical accompaniment. Men’s routines are characterized by a sequence of linked elements that demonstrate simultaneously: strength, flexibility, and balance. Each exercise consists of movements which combine a number of elements, such as somersaults, handstands, and rotations. The execution and the configuration of the exercise must express a personal flair. The whole surface of the floor must be used. The maximum time allowed for an exercise is 1 minute and 10 seconds.

discipline_cheval_arconsPOMMEL HORSE

The Pommel horse is 1.15 m high and has two handles (12 cm pommels) attached to the apparatus body, set 40 to 45 cm apart. The routines make use of the full surface of the apparatus and present a succession of circular and pendulum-type swings, leg circles, scissors movements, and handstands.

discipline_anneauxRINGS

The rings hang from a structure at 2.75 m above the ground. Ring routines should include swings and handstands to emphasize muscle strength. The program must end with an acrobatic dismount.

discipline_saut_hommeVAULT

The vaulting table requires clean and powerful movements that combine height and length with one or more rotations, ending with a well-controlled landing. The level of difficulty determines the value of a vault. Marks are also awarded for body control and the landing position. The approach run is 25 m and the table height is 135 cm.

discipline_barres_parallelesPARALLEL BARS

Like the rings, the parallel bars, which are 1.95 m in height and 3.50 m in length, require a combination of swinging movements, swings, and handstands demanding strength. The gymnast must travel the full length of the apparatus and work on the top of the bars as well as below them.

HORIZONTAL BAR

The horizontal bar is 2.40 m wide and 2.75 m high. In this routine, the gymnast performs continuous and clean swinging movements and must not touch the bar with his body. He is required to demonstrate changes of grip, swinging movements both forward and backward, with releases and re-grasps of the bar. Dismounts are an important part of the total routine and are usually acrobatic and spectacular.